Sec. 780 - Establishment of National Council on Disability
(a) Membership; purpose
(A) There is established within the Federal Government a National Council on Disability (referred to in this subchapter as the “National Council”), which, subject to subparagraph (B), shall be composed of 9 members, of which—
(i) 5 shall be appointed by the President;
(ii) 1 shall be appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate;
(iii) 1 shall be appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate;
(iv) 1 shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and
(v) 1 shall be appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.
(B) The National Council shall transition from 15 members (as of July 22, 2014) to 9 members as follows:
(i) On the first 4 expirations of National Council terms (after that date), replacement members shall be appointed to the National Council in the following order and manner:
(I) 1 shall be appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate.
(II) 1 shall be appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate.
(III) 1 shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
(IV) 1 shall be appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.
(ii) On the next 6 expirations of National Council terms (after the 4 expirations described in clause (i) occur), no replacement members shall be appointed to the National Council.
(C) For any vacancy on the National Council that occurs after the transition described in subparagraph (B), the vacancy shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment was made.
(D) The members of the National Council shall be individuals with disabilities, parents or guardians of individuals with disabilities, national leaders on disability policy, or other individuals who have substantial knowledge or experience relating to disability policy or issues that affect individuals with disabilities. The members of the National Council shall be appointed so as to be representative of individuals with disabilities, national organizations concerned with individuals with disabilities, providers and administrators of services to individuals with disabilities, individuals engaged in conducting medical or scientific research relating to individuals with disabilities, business concerns, and labor organizations. A majority of the members of the National Council shall be individuals with disabilities. The members of the National Council shall be broadly representative of minority and other individuals and groups.
(2) The purpose of the National Council is to promote policies, programs, practices, and procedures that—
(A) guarantee equal opportunity for all individuals with disabilities, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability; and
(B) empower individuals with disabilities to achieve economic self-sufficiency, independent living, and inclusion and integration into all aspects of society.
(b) Term of office
(1) Each member of the National Council shall serve for a term of 3 years.
(A) No member of the National Council may serve more than two consecutive full terms beginning on the date of commencement of the first full term on the Council. Members may serve after the expiration of their terms until their successors have taken office.
(B) As used in this paragraph, the term “full term” means a term of 3 years.
(3) Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for which such member’s predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of such term.
(c) Chairperson; meetings
The President shall designate the Chairperson from among the members appointed to the National Council. The National Council shall meet at the call of the Chairperson, but not less often than four times each year.
(d) Quorum; vacancies
Five members of the National Council shall constitute a quorum and any vacancy in the National Council shall not affect its power to function.
Sec. 781 - Duties of the National Council on Disability
(a) In general. The National Council shall -
(1) provide advice to the Director with respect to the policies and conduct of the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research, including ways to improve research concerning individuals with disabilities and the methods of collecting and disseminating findings of such research;
(2) provide advice to the Commissioner with respect to the policies of and conduct of the Rehabilitation Services Administration;
(3) advise the President, the Congress, the Commissioner, the appropriate Assistant Secretary of the Department of Education, and the Director of the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research on the development of the programs to be carried out under this Act;
(4) provide advice regarding priorities for the activities of the Interagency Disability Coordinating Council and review the recommendations of such Council for legislative and administrative changes to ensure that such recommendations are consistent with the purposes of the Council to promote the full integration, independence, and productivity of individuals with disabilities;
(5) review and evaluate on a continuing basis--
(A) policies, programs, practices, and procedures concerning individuals with disabilities conducted or assisted by Federal departments and agencies, including programs established or assisted under this Act or under the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000; and
(B) all statutes and regulations pertaining to Federal programs which assist such individuals with disabilities;
in order to assess the effectiveness of such policies, programs, practices, procedures, statutes, and regulations in meeting the needs of individuals with disabilities;
(6) assess the extent to which such policies, programs, practices, and procedures facilitate or impede the promotion of the policies set forth in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 400(a)(2) [29 USCS § 780(a)(2)];
(7) gather information about the implementation, effectiveness, and impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.);
(8) make recommendations to the President, the Congress, the Secretary, the Director of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, and other officials of Federal agencies or other Federal entities, respecting ways to better promote the policies set forth in section 400(a)(2) [29 USCS § 780(a)(2)];
(9) provide to the Congress on a continuing basis advice, recommendations, legislative proposals, and any additional information that the National Council or the Congress deems appropriate; and
(10) review and evaluate on a continuing basis new and emerging disability policy issues affecting individuals with disabilities at the Federal, State, and local levels, and in the private sector, including the need for and coordination of adult services, access to personal assistance services, school reform efforts and the impact of such efforts on individuals with disabilities, access to health care, and policies that operate as disincentives for the individuals to seek and retain employment.
(b) Annual reports.
(1) Not later than October 31, 1998, and annually thereafter, the National Council shall prepare and submit to the President and the appropriate committees of the Congress a report entitled "National Disability Policy: A Progress Report".
(2) The report shall assess the status of the Nation in achieving the policies set forth in section 400(a)(2) [29 USCS § 780(a)(2)], with particular focus on the new and emerging issues impacting on the lives of individuals with disabilities. The report shall present, as appropriate, available data on health, housing, employment, insurance, transportation, recreation, training, prevention, early intervention, and education. The report shall include recommendations for policy change.
(3) In determining the issues to focus on and the findings, conclusions, and recommendations to include in the report, the National Council shall seek input from the public, particularly individuals with disabilities, representatives of organizations representing a broad range of individuals with disabilities, and organizations and agencies interested in individuals with disabilities.
(Sept. 26, 1973,P.L. 93-112, Title IV, § 401, as added Aug. 7, 1998, P.L. 105-220, Title IV, § 407, 112 Stat. 1199; Nov. 13, 1998, P.L. 105-394, Title II, Subtitle A, § 202, 112 Stat. 3653; Oct. 30, 2000, P.L. 106-402, Title IV, § 401(b)(3)(B), 114 Stat. 1737; Oct. 25, 2004, P.L. 108-364, § 3(b)(2), 118 Stat. 1737.)
(As amended July 22, 2014,P.L. 113-128, Title IV, Subtitle E, § 452, 128 Stat. 1675.)